This assessment analyses the vulnerability of the ecological, infrastructure and socio-economic conditions of Pakokku in relation to the present and projected climatic conditions. It concludes that vulnerabilities in Pakokku are high and that changes in climate will require decision-makers of Pakokku to plan for greater amounts of rain within a shorter monsoon season, which will induce both destruction of crops and floods in the urban areas; much warmer average temperatures and more frequent extreme heat days with resulting water scarcity, risks of droughts, reduction in agricultural productivity and threats to human health.

In 2016 the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (MCCA) financed by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UN-Environment) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation conducted a detailed climate change vulnerability assessment of Pakokku Township, in collaboration with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Center for Climate Systems Research of the Columbia University (CCSR).