The National Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan is the first national initiative aimed at institutionalising waste management and offers a visionary document and strategic guide to address key issues, needs and challenges whilst raising awareness amongst key stakeholders towards achieving a resource efficient and zero waste society. 

It respects the holistic nature of waste management, which needs to address waste in all its forms (solid waste, liquid waste/wastewater, and gaseous emissions)for pollution control and environmental management. However, considering the current priority, this strategy and action plan gives more focus to solid waste management at present. 

The National Waste Management Strategy and Master Plan (2018-2030) was developed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) with the assistance of the International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the IGES Centre Collaborating with UNEP on Environmental Technologies (CCET).