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Water in the city is mainly focused on infrastructure development, urban design and transportation framework which inclu...

Water in the city is mainly focused on infrastructure development, urban design and transportation framework which include as a major factor in developing Yangon. Moreover, urbanization become more and more complex and manifold, these four main topics are particularly spotlights of water-related development: 

River Transport

As the chaotic traffic in the city worsens every day and commuters are forced to waste valuable time in transit, Yangon is calling for “River Transport” which could save time and also can lead to lower air pollution. To help reduce transportation time and traffic jams, it is critical for authorities to make better use of the city’s waterways. Navigation channels are needed to be upgraded not only for transporting commuters but also for transporting goods. If the waterways can take more container transport, this could help alleviate traffic in downtown Yangon, where heavy trucks ship containers in and out of the city throughout the day.

Flood

Heavy monsoon rain causes serious flooding in Yangon every rainy season. People in Yangon also suffer floods caused by the inadequate drainage system. Floods caused by heavy rains block the road networks, resulting in the traffic jams. People have to use main roads as there are no platforms to walk. Roads in Yangon are also in need of maintenance. The height of roads in Yangon grows higher due to the resurfacing of damaged roads. Water flows into the houses when there are heavy rains. The government needs to effectively deal with this problem by laying down a master plan to use a large sum of money on the drainage system and roads and bridges.

City Design

Yangon is suffering flooding every monsoon due to climate change and increased urban development. It is essential to design Yangon as a flood-proof city and give space for water to live in. As there are some unused and empty spaces in Yangon, they can be revitalized as rainwater reservoirs and even as water parks which serve as recreation spot. Construction of rooftop gardens and permeable roads that store runoff will also reduce the amount of rainwater runoff. But the vision of flood-resilient Yangon can only be achieved when there is coordination among stakeholders, governments, and citizens.

Ecosystem Services

Current projections of rapid expansion of urban areas present fundamental challenges to design more livable, healthy and resilient Yangon. Integrating ecosystem services including green spaces such as parks, urban forests, vacant lots, gardens and blue spaces like streams, lakes, ponds, artificial swales, and storm water retention ponds into urban development would be a ‘no-regret’ investment for Yangon. The cooling effect of trees from urban parks may contribute significantly to reduce the rising temperatures of the city in summer. And also the ponds and reservoirs will collect rainwater and prevent flooding during the time of heavy rains.

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  • Myanmar Water Portal posted a new blog post in Water in the city
    Dr. Piet Filet in Myanmar 2019
    After his visit in 2018, our Managing Partner – Australia, Dr. Piet Filet is in town for a week (21 – 25, January). He is an expert on water management, specifically on flood resilience. Besides, he...
    Dr. Piet Filet in Myanmar 2019
    After his visit in 2018, our Managing Partner – Australia, Dr. Piet Filet is in town for a week (21 – 25, January). He is an expert on water management, specifically on flood resilience. Besides, he has expertise in engagement and community management on the topic of water. He met with many of stakeholders during his first visit to Myanmar to gain ...
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  • The Water Agency posted a new blog post in Water in the city
    CoP Group Photo 28 May 18 - The Water Agency has launched the first Myanmar Community of Practice (CoP), collaborated with YCDC engineering department of water and sanitation on 24 May 2018. Over 50...
    CoP Group Photo 28 May 18 - The Water Agency has launched the first Myanmar Community of Practice (CoP), collaborated with YCDC engineering department of water and sanitation on 24 May 2018. Over 50 participants from various organization, including YCDC, MWP, NEPS, MMU, WWF, Wateraid and Myanmar Koei joined this workshop. The CoP ...
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  • Water in the city shared a file
    Join us at this workshop!
    Myanmar Community of Practice (CoP): Water in the City
    Interactive and engaging workshop in downtown Yangon
    Please see the attachment for more details!
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  • The Water Agency posted a new blog post in Water in the city
    Photo ​On the 22nd of March 2018, World Water Day, The Water Agency (TWA) initiated the first Myanmar Community of Practice (CoP) workshop in...
    Photo ​On the 22nd of March 2018, World Water Day, The Water Agency (TWA) initiated the first Myanmar Community of Practice (CoP) workshop in Yangon at the beautiful and authentic building of Yangon Heritage Trust (YHT). During Piet Filet's visit to Yangon in January, local stakeholders were inspired by the Flood Community of Practice that is s...
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  • Myanmar Water Portal posted a new blog post in Water in the city
    This is the summary of meetings with Water Sector lead agencies in Yangon noted by Dr. Piet Filet, when he was in Yangon from Wednesday 10 to 19...
    This is the summary of meetings with Water Sector lead agencies in Yangon noted by Dr. Piet Filet, when he was in Yangon from Wednesday 10 to 19 January 2018. He met with government, university, business and international collaborators for a common theme raised with colleagues was a willingness and desire to have more open collaborat...
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  • Highlights for Piet were that:

    • a reoccurring theme that water issues are challenging in Myanmar and that to have an independent knowledge sharing opportunities would be beneficial
    • regardless of the sector of Government, University or Business there was a spirit of wanting to share and to collaborate across organisations .
    • a passion to...
    Highlights for Piet were that:

    • a reoccurring theme that water issues are challenging in Myanmar and that to have an independent knowledge sharing opportunities would be beneficial
    • regardless of the sector of Government, University or Business there was a spirit of wanting to share and to collaborate across organisations .
    • a passion to ensure that there is more sharing was demonstrated in the response from the dredging and land reclamation course participants, who represented a range of operationally based colleagues with a passion to learn from others and across their various organisations
    • Piet had many enjoyable and engaging encounters with local experienced colleagues and students which was a privileged and delight on this first visit for Piet to Myanmar. Frodo van Oostveen has kindly assembled a nice tour of pictures here at  http://bit.ly/2DB7hSX

    Next steps:

    1. Share these meeting notes with all the participants and seek their level of interest to participate in a future network activity
    2. Confirm a topic and style of activity with some key experienced colleagues
    3. Establish a date in March to have an event and plan for a subsequent event in May
    4. Continue a specific follow up for the River and Coastal Shapers group and with time have for those who are interested invite them also to join a broader group on “Water in the City”
    5. After another 3 months, foreshadow future demand and interest for ongoing network/community of practice activity in the second half of the year
    6. Seek support from active participants in network activity to also participate in aspects of the 2018 Myanmar Water Challenge
    With feedback and inspiration from the various sector groups The Water Agency will look at taking a responsibility role to organise and arrange for future events in collaboration with key local colleagues. As these plans become more certain, promotion of network activity will occur. Complementing the efforts of The Water Agency we plan to establish a Leadership Steering Committee that will be consulted on the suitability of topics and activities.
    Based on previous experience, we are satisfied to build the group from an initial core group and have the participation grow steadily overtime as topics and participation match a broader group of interest.

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  • Participants in a Dredging and Reclamation Course

    ==========================================
    [Context]

    • An intense week long course was provided by a team of three Dutch colleagues from Boskalis and Van Oord – and the last 2 days was focussed on a practical tender development case study with participants being assigned to mixed teams
    • It...
    Participants in a Dredging and Reclamation Course

    ==========================================
    [Context]

    • An intense week long course was provided by a team of three Dutch colleagues from Boskalis and Van Oord – and the last 2 days was focussed on a practical tender development case study with participants being assigned to mixed teams
    • It was opportunity to provide foundational knowledge and skill-set expertise for Burmese engineers around topic of Dredging and Reclamation
    • Previously there has been limited exchange of knowledge between private sector, government and universities – but at this course 35 participants from all these sectors were present

    [Specific feedback comments from participants and indication on their interest in a follow up network and desire to learn]

    "I feel like I become enriched in dredging method after this training session and secondly, as I’m a final year university student, this training helps me to improve my final year’s thesis"

    "I have seen different types of personalities and diverse expertise when we were working together. Additionally, I felt teamwork morality and passion"

    "First of all, without this training course, we would have never met and learnt like that. We would like to keep in touch and work together as we’re on the same page. I would suggest to make event like this again in the future."

    "I have learnt a lot about tender process experience. It helps business profits and developments. I have rarely considered this dredging process as in business case. Besides, it has to be considered business aspect, environment aspect and economy aspect."

    "I have known more about dredging process in a practical way and tender process. We’ve met with other prominent officers. It’s beneficial."

    "I would suggest to create a group in Facebook because most of the Myanmar people are using Facebook not only for their daily lives but also for their professional communication. We would like to keep in touch via Facebook and share knowledge to improve Myanmar water-related sector."

    "As I’m working in DWIR, dredging is prominent in our department. I’ve learnt about hydraulics method and tender process which make me incredible interested during this course."

    "Right now, we (MOGE) are handling the offshore project. I would prefer to create training like this twice a year or maybe meeting and discussion about water-related project in Myanmar twice a year. That’ll help us to collaborate more easily and efficiently."

    "From MPA, we often call outside guest lecturers or speakers and make an internal training."

    "From MPA, we have projects relating to maintain outer bar and inner bar of Yangon River. That’s why this training course is helpful for our further studies. The case study tender process is my favourite.”

    "We (MOGE) cooperate with Oil & Gas companies for offshore projects. So, in recent moment, environmental impact assessment (EIA) and social impact assessment (SIA) are necessary to apply in these cases. I’ve learnt environmental impact assessment during this course."

    "I (NEPS) have no experience to attend the dredging course like that. This course is exotic unlike any other course."

    "Furthermore, we have limited allowance to attend the course like this. We have difficulties to get permission from our higher level to attend this course.”

    "Subsequently a River and Coastal Shapers group has been formed to enable this group to be connected"
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  • WWF Myanmar – Fresh Water Team – Hannah Baleta and Sami Tornikoski

    ==============================

    Features of group plus issues raised

    • The Myanmar Fresh Water is only a year old and has a different focus than the neighbouring Mekong program. Focus here is on: (1) Hydro power and flows, (2) National planning advice, (3) Water in the...
    WWF Myanmar – Fresh Water Team – Hannah Baleta and Sami Tornikoski

    ==============================

    Features of group plus issues raised

    • The Myanmar Fresh Water is only a year old and has a different focus than the neighbouring Mekong program. Focus here is on: (1) Hydro power and flows, (2) National planning advice, (3) Water in the economy, (4) Species and habitat
    • Interest in Ecosystem Services is sound – having dome a previous Natural Capital assessment at the national level
    • Have active stakeholder engagement activity in place through (1) Water Stewardship participant committee, (2) River in the Economy project underway throughout the various regions of the Ayeyarwady.

    Desires and benefits of an active network

    • Happy to look at synergies among our networks
    • Interest to better connect the economic profiling of development with the value of natural assets
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