15 Oct 19 - Source: Global New Light Of Myanmar - Global Handwashing Day takes place on 15 October every year and is the Global Handwashing
The State of Global Handwashing
The Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) run by UNICEF and WHO
According to Global Handwashing Partnerships 2019 Global Handwashing Day Fact Sheet, The state of global handwashing can be summarized as follows:
• Only 60% of
• In the
Geographic disparities often exist among rural and urban areas, with handwashing infrastructure lacking for many rural populations.
• Currently, only 34% of people living in rural areas have access to a basic handwashing facility.
• People in rural areas are less likely to have access to soap and water.
Globally, basic handwashing coverage among the richest wealth quintile was at least twice as high as coverage among the poorest quintile. Overall, wealthier individuals are more likely to practice handwashing with soap, as they can afford basic handwashing facilities with soap more readily.
For vulnerable groups, it is particularly important that soap and water are kept at a handwashing facility, as it can be more challenging for them to access these materials independently.
• Approximately 15% of
• When hygiene and sanitation facilities are not well adapted, people with disabilities must touch sanitation surfaces that others do not – putting them at greater risk for disease.
Marginalized groups, such as displaced populations and indigenous groups, do not have equal access to handwashing facilities or soap. This makes them more susceptible to diarrheal diseases and other related illnesses.
• In conflict-affected settings, children under the age of 5 years old are 20 times more likely to die from diarrhea than they are from violence. This is, in part, due to insufficient functional handwashing facilities. In these circumstances, displaced individuals are often unable to buy their own soap or build their own facilities due to
• Indigenous populations often do not have equal access to handwashing facilities or soap. This is because indigenous populations often live in geographically remote areas and are more likely to live in crowded or informal housing environments, making it hard to maintain facilities.
Only 53% of
This means that 900 million students currently have nowhere to wash their hands.
• Access to basic handwashing facilities is typically higher in secondary schools than
• Globally, 57% of health care facilities have basic hand hygiene facilities at points of care.
• Data from 54 low- and middle- income countries showed that 35% of health care facilities do not have water and soap available for handwashing.
• There are inequities within countries and between levels of health care.
Handwashing situation in Myanmar
Importance of Handwashing and Best Practices
Indeed! Handwashing with soap is considerably more effective at cleaning our hands than handwashing with water alone. However, washing hands with water
Handwashing with soap helps prevent gastrointestinal diseases like diarrhea; respiratory diseases like pneumonia and influenza; and other infections such as Ebola and
Research has shown that the two primary times to wash hands are after contact with feces (such as using the toilet or cleaning a child) and before contact with food (preparing food, eating, feeding a child, and so on)
• Before, during, and after preparing food
• Before eating food
• Before and after caring for someone at home who is sick with vomiting or diarrhea
• Before and after treating a cut or wound
• After using the toilet
• After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
• After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
• After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
• After handling pet food or pet treats
• After touching garbage
To wash your hands properly, follow these five steps every time.
1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the "Happy Birthday" song from beginning to end twice.
4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
Clean Hands for All
Handwashing has multiple benefits for overall health and well-being. This
• Wash your hands with soap at critical times, especially before eating, cooking, or feeding others.
• Model good handwashing behavior and remind or help others to always wash their hands before eating.
• Make handwashing a routine part of your family meals.
• Establish places to wash your hands in the household, in your community, in schools, workplaces, and
• Promote effective handwashing behavior change in research, policy, programs, and advocacy.
• Global Handwashing Day 2019 Toolkit, Global Handwashing Partnership, 2019
• Global Handwashing Day 2018 Report, Global Handwashing Partnership, 2018
• Global School-based Student Health Survey 2016, SH, DOPH, MOHS 2016
• Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives, CDC, USA, 2018
• Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 2015-2016, MOHS, 2016
• The State of Handwashing in 2017:Annual Research Summary, Global Handwashing Partnership, May 2018