Groundwater as a Source of Drinking Water in Southeast Asia and the Pacific
The paper establishes a baseline of how many people across case study countries rely on groundwater for drinking water (79%) and explores resource management issues relevant to WASH professionals. The information was used in an analysis of proportions of people using groundwater as their primary source of drinking water across 10 SEA and Pacific Island countries.
Groundwater is widely acknowledged to be an important source of drinking water in low-income regions, and it, therefore, plays a critical role in the realization of the human right to water. However, the proportion of households using groundwater compared with other sources is rarely quantified, with national and global datasets more focused on facilities—rather than resources—used. This is a significant gap in knowledge, particularly in light of efforts to expand water services in line with the inclusive and integrated agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals. Understanding the prevalence of groundwater reliance for drinking is critical for those involved in water services planning and management, so they can better monitor and advocate for management of water resources that
- Contributed by Naomi Carrard